India proposes UNSC counter-terrorism expert group meeting on misuse of new technologies

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UNITED NATIONS: Warning of the terrible threat posed by terrorists exploiting emerging digital technologies, from cryptocurrencies and NFTs to 3D printing and artificial intelligence, New Delhi has proposed to hold a meeting of the Security Counter Terrorism Committee (CTC) of the Council in India to consider ways to counter the danger comprehensively.
Announcing the proposal to the Council on Monday, the Permanent Representative of India, TS Tirumurtiwho is the Chair of the CLC, said: “The need for Member States to more strategically address and address the implications of the terrorist exploitation of digital technologies has never been greater.
The meeting will “focus exclusively on this issue and attempt to show the way forward” to address the challenges posed by terrorists adopting new financial technologies to raise and transfer funds and using artificial intelligence and 3D printing to the attacks, he said.
“The interconnected nature of the digital realm demands that solutions to the complex problems and threats emanating from this realm cannot be solved in isolation.
“There is an underlying need to take a collaborative rules-based approach and work to ensure its openness, stability and security,” Tirumurti added.
The Permanent Representative also discussed the dangers of terrorist exploitation of new financial technologies such as virtual currencies, non-fungible tokens (NFTs) that create monetary value from non-physical entities, crowdfunding platforms and new payment methods such as prepaid phone cards. , mobile payments and online payment systems.
“The ease of access, anonymity and intransigence they offer have enabled terrorist entities to raise and transfer funds evading oversight and enforcement structures.”
Assistant General Secretary Rosemary DiCarlowho briefed the Council on “The use of digital technologies in the maintenance of international peace and security”, also issued a warning on “the growing availability of digital payment methods such as cryptocurrencies” that terrorists exploit.
“Non-state actors are increasingly adept at using low-cost, widely available digital technologies to pursue their goals.”
DiCarlo said terrorist groups like the Islamic State and al-Qaeda “remain active on social media, using messaging platforms and apps to share information and communicate with their supporters for recruiting, planning and fundraising”.
“Terrorists’ misuse of artificial intelligence (AI) and 3D printing for various terrorist purposes, which have global reach, also demands our immediate attention,” Tirumurti said.
He said the approach to the problem of terrorism must also go beyond simply viewing it as a simple direct physical attack to hold equally accountable those who “incite terrorist acts through hateful content and radical ideologies”, even if they are far from the incidents. .
“There is also a need to address the legal challenges of bringing the perpetrators of these crimes to justice, particularly given the remote nature of their involvement in terrorist activities.”
DiCarlo said that according to some estimates, “the number of state and non-state incidents of malicious use of digital technologies for political or military purposes has nearly quadrupled since 2015.”
“Activities targeting infrastructure that provide essential public services, such as health and humanitarian agencies, are of particular concern,” she added.
Tirumurti also warned against cross-border terrorism by governments “leveraging their expertise in the digital domain to achieve their political and security-related objectives” to target “critical national infrastructure, including health and energy facilities”. .
He did not name any countries, but an Indian official admitted that Chinese hackers had unsuccessfully targeted electricity distribution facilities in the Ladakh Region.
Recorded Future, an American company that monitors cyber threats, previously reported that a Chinese group, red echohad carried out cyber intrusions into several Indian power generation and distribution infrastructures in 2020.
In March, US federal prosecutors charged three Russians with hacking into energy infrastructure computer networks in India and about 135 other countries.
Tirumurti said open democratic societies like India are particularly vulnerable to disinformation campaigns that are enhanced by “the use of machine learning and big data”.
These constitute “a considerable threat to international peace and security” and “the international community cannot adopt a selective approach and must avoid double standards when it comes to dealing with these threats”, said- he declared.
DiCarlo criticized social media companies for their “sometimes limited or not entirely adequate” response to “the spread of misinformation (and) radicalization towards violence, racism and misogyny” on their platforms.

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